Union Grove offers a wide selection of solid carbide router bits for routing natural and man-made wood products.
Single flute tools are used where slower feed rates (100-300 inches per minute) are mandated by the application. The open flute geometry is excellent for chip evacuation and helps reduce heat build up. Designed to cut wood or wood composites.
Roughing tools are designed for high feed rates on CNC routers. These tools are used when surface finish is not important in dense materials such as hardwoods and plywood. Roughing tools are very successful in CNC applications where this bit makes the first cut, followed by a second cut using a profile type tool. This tool will produce a "rippled" edge cut and is extrememly quiet and smooth cutting, even in heavy cuts and high feed rates. Avoid using this tool at lower feed rates which generate chip loads under .005".
Two and three flute roughing tools are designed for high feed rates on CNC routers and are used when suface finish is not important in dense materials such as hardwoods, particle board and plywood. These tools are very successful in CNC applications where the roughing bit makes the first cut, followed by a second cut using a profile type tool. This tool will produce a "rippled" edge cut and is extremely quiet and smooth cutting, even in heavy cuts and high feed rates.
Two flute finishing tools are used when a smooth edge cut is required and is a popular tool design for most routing applications. The helical cutting edge reduces material contact while in the cut. This is why spiral tool designs cut faster, quieter, and cleaner than straight edge tools. These tools are used for cutting materials where no special considerations are needed. The upcut spiral will provide a smooth bottom finish, while "augering" the chips upward. Due to the upcut design and the included angle of the cutting edge, these tools are razor sharp!
Finishing tools are used when an extremely smooth edge cut is required. The three flute design provides a better finish than the two flute at the same feed rate. Three flute tools are used for cutting natural woods and man-made wood composites. Some users experience greater tool life compared to two-flute tools.